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FEBS Lett. 1999 Dec 10;463(1-2):15-8.

Changes in myosin heavy chain mRNA and protein isoforms in single fibers of unloaded rat soleus muscle.

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Faculty of Biology, University of Konstanz, D-78457, Konstanz, Germany.


Changes in myosin heavy chain (MHC) mRNA and protein isoforms were investigated in single fibers from rat soleus muscle unloaded by hindlimb suspension for 4 and 7 days. Dramatic changes were seen after 4 days, when all fibers co-expressed slow and fast MHC mRNAs. Most fibers contained mRNAs for MHCIbeta, MHCIIa, MHCIId(x), and MHCIIb. The up-regulation of the fast isoforms was only partially transmitted to the protein level. Atypical combinations of MHC mRNA isoforms, which deviated from the 'next-neighbor rule', were frequent in fibers from unloaded soleus. These atypical combinations increased with time and were not observed in the controls. The results suggest that hindlimb suspension elicits in soleus muscle pronounced perturbations in the expression of MHC isoforms by disrupting transcriptional and translational activities.

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