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Int J Oncol. 2000 Jan;16(1):65-73.

Differentiation of human breast carcinoma cells by a novel vitamin D analog: 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D5.

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Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Illinois at Chicago, M/C 820, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


The active metabolite of vitamin D, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, can induce differentiation in breast cancer cells; however, it is hypercalcemic in vivo. Therefore, development of non-calcemic analogs of vitamin D has received considerable attention. Recently, we synthesized an analog of vitamin D [1alpha(OH)D5] that exhibits much less calcemic activity than 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. In this study, we evaluated the cell-differentiating action of 1alpha(OH)D5 in breast cancer cells. Following 10 days treatment with 1alpha(OH)D5 [(10-7 M) in UISO-BCA-4], we observed induction of intracytoplasmic casein, intracytoplasmic lipid droplets, ICAM-1, nm23, and specific biomarkers associated with breast cell differentiation. 1alpha(OH)D5 treatment also showed induction of vitamin D receptor and TGFbeta1 proteins. UISO-BCA-4 cells pretreated for 10 days in vitro with 1 microM 1alpha(OH)D5 failed to form tumors when transplanted into athymic mice. Similarly, 4 and 8 ng 1alpha(OH)D5 treatment three times weekly inhibited the growth of UISO-BCA-4 cells injected into athymic mice. These results suggest that this new vitamin D analog may be of significant therapeutic value for breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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