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Virology. 1999 Dec 20;265(2):264-73.

A CXC chemokine receptor, CXCR5/BLR1, is a novel and specific coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 2.

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Department of Virology and Preventive Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Gunma, Maebashi, 371-8511, Japan.


G protein-coupled receptors serve as coreceptors in the infection process of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1), type-2 (HIV-2), and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). In this study, we showed that a CXC-CKR, CXCR5/BLR1, is a novel coreceptor for HIV-2, but for neither HIV-1 nor SIV. The expression of CXCR5 was detected by polymerase chain reaction after reverse transcription of cellular mRNA from S+L-HOS/CD4 cells and MT-2 human T cells, and the CXCR5 gene was cloned into an expression vector. S+L-HOS/CD4 cells were susceptible to several HIV-2 strains but not most HIV-1 strains. To examine a coreceptor activity of CXCR5, we used NP-2/CD4, which is a human glioma cell line, NP-2, transduced with the CD4 gene that shows strict resistance to infection with HIV-1, HIV-2, SIVmac, SIVagm, or SIVmnd strain. When CXCR5 was transduced into NP-2/CD4 cells, they became highly susceptible to HIV-2ROD and HIV-2CBL23 strains in a CD4-dependent manner but to not to HIV-1 or SIV strains. Anti-CXCR5 monoclonal antibody and a ligand for CXCR5, BCA-1, inhibited HIV-2 infection to NP-2/CD4/CXCR5 cells. Our findings suggest a possibility that CXCR5/BLR1 serves as a coreceptor for HIV-2 strains in vivo.

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