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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1999 Dec 15;372(2):333-9.

The N-terminally acetylated form of mammalian histone H1(o), but not that of avian histone H5, increases with age.

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Institute of Medical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, Fritz Preglstrasse 3, Innsbruck, A-6020, Austria.


We report here on the HPCE separation of two chicken H5 histones, which do not show the heterogeneity (Gln/Arg) at residue 15 first found by Greenaway and Murray [Greenaway and Murray (1971) Nat. New Biol. 229, 233-238]. The two subfractions obtained were identified using reversed-phase HPLC, hydrophilic interaction HPLC, Edman degradation, and MALDI-MS analysis. We found that the two H5 subcomponents differ only by an acetylated (designated H5a) and an unacetylated N-terminus (H5b). In contrast to the N-terminally acetylated form of rat kidney histone H1(o), which increased by about 40% with aging of the animal, the corresponding form of chicken H5 did not: the ratio N-terminally acetylated: unacetylated remained constant (30:70) when histone H5 was extracted from erythrocytes of newly hatched chickens and from adult chickens, respectively. The HPCE technique used in this investigation represents a quick and convenient method for analyzing N-terminally acetylated proteins in the presence of unacetylated forms.

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