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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Dec;84(12):4702-12.

Bone mineral acquisition in healthy Asian, Hispanic, black, and Caucasian youth: a longitudinal study.

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Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305-5208, USA.


Ethnic and gender differences in bone mineral acquisition were examined in a longitudinal study of 423 healthy Asian, black, Hispanic, and white males and females (aged 9-25 yr). Bone mass of the spine, femoral neck, total hip, and whole body was measured annually for up to 4 yr by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Age-adjusted mean bone mineral curves for areal (BMD) and volumetric (BMAD) bone mineral density were compared for the 4 ethnic groups. Consistent differences in areal and volumetric bone density were observed only between black and nonblack subjects. Among females, blacks had greater mean levels of BMD and BMAD at all skeletal sites. Differences among Asians, Hispanics, and white females were significant for femoral neck BMD, whole body BMD, and whole body bone mineral content/height ratio, for which Asians had significantly lower values; femoral neck BMAD in Asian and white females was lower than that in Hispanics. Like the females, black males had consistently greater mean values than nonblacks for all BMD and BMAD measurements. A few differences were also observed among nonblack male subjects. Whites had greater mean total hip BMD, whole body BMD, and whole body bone mineral content/height ratio than Asian and Hispanic males; Hispanics had lower spine BMD than white and Asian males. The tempo of gains in BMD varied by gender and skeletal site. In females, total hip, spine, and whole body BMD reached a plateau at 14.1, 15.7, and 16.4 yr, respectively. For males, gains in BMD leveled off at 15.7 yr for total hip and at age 17.6 yr for spine and whole body. Black and Asian females and Asian males tended to reach a plateau in BMD earlier than the other ethnic groups. The use of gender- and ethnic-specific standards is recommended when interpreting pediatric bone densitometry data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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