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Semin Cell Dev Biol. 1999 Oct;10(5):455-64.

Procollagen folding and assembly: the role of endoplasmic reticulum enzymes and molecular chaperones.

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Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


Procollagen assembly occurs within the endoplasmic reticulum, where the C-propeptide domains of three polypeptide alpha-chains fold individually, and then interact and trimerise to initiate folding of the triple helical region. This highly complex folding and assembly pathway requires the co-ordinated action of a large number of endoplasmic reticulum-resident enzymes and molecular chaperones. Disease-causing mutations in the procollagens disturb folding and assembly and lead to prolonged interactions with molecular chaperones, retention in the endoplasmic reticulum, and intracellular degradation. This review focuses predominantly on prolyl 1-hydroxylase, an essential collagen modifying enzyme, and HSP47, a collagen-specific binding protein, and their proposed roles as molecular chaperones involved in fibrillar procollagen folding and assembly, quality control, and secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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