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Int J Cancer. 1999 Dec 10;83(6):760-4.

Expression of the tumor-rejection antigen SART1 in brain tumors.

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1
Department of Immunology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.

Abstract

We have reported a tumor-rejection antigen, SART1(259), possessing tumor epitopes capable of inducing cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in epithelial-cancer patients. This study investigated the expression of SART1(259) antigen in brain tumors, to explore for a potential molecule for use in specific immunotherapy of patients with brain tumors. The SART1(259) antigen was detected in the cytosol fraction of 13 of 18 (72%) glioma cell lines and in 12 of 34 (35%) brain-tumor tissues, with a higher rate of expression among malignant gliomas (5/10, 50%) and schwannomas (3/4). HLA-A24-restricted and SART1-specific CTLs recognized the HLA-A24+ and SART1(259)+ glioma cells, and the levels of recognition correlated both with HLA-A24-antigen expression level and with the concentration of the SART1 peptide antigen. Therefore, the SART1(259) antigen could be a target molecule for specific immunotherapy of patients with brain tumors expressing HLA-class-1 antigens.

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