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Anal Chem. 1999 Dec 1;71(23):5340-7.

Quantitative analysis of molecular interaction in a microfluidic channel: the T-sensor.

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Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.


The T-sensor is a recently developed microfluidic chemical measurement device that exploits the low Reynolds number flow conditions in microfabricated channels. The interdiffusion and resulting chemical interaction of components from two or more input fluid streams can be monitored optically, allowing measurement of analyte concentrations on a continuous basis. In a simple form of T-sensor, the concentration of a target analyte is determined by measuring fluorescence intensity in a region where the analyte and a fluorescent indicator have interdiffused. An analytical model has been developed that predicts device behavior from the diffusion coefficients of the analyte, indicator, and analyte--indicator complex and from the kinetics of the complex formation. Diffusion coefficients depend on the local viscosity which, in turn, depends on local concentrations of all analytes. These relationships, as well as reaction equilibria, are often unknown. A rapid method for determining these unknown parameters by interpreting T-sensor experiments through the model is presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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