Send to

Choose Destination
Thromb Haemost. 1999 Nov;82(5):1522-7.

Differential effects of dietary supplementation with fish oil or soy lecithin on human platelet adhesion.

Author information

Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Microscopy, University of Verona, Italy.


To investigate the possible regulating role of omega-6 and of omega-3 fatty acids on platelet adhesiveness, we randomised 60 volunteers into three groups to take 20 ml (equivalent to 0.3 g omega-6, 3.6 g omega-3; omega-6/omega-3 ratio 0.1) per day of a fish oil supplement, or to take 25 g (equivalent to 1.5 g omega-6, 0.5 g omega-3; omega-6/omega-3 ratio 3) per day of a soy lecithin supplement, or to continue on their usual diet without any supplement (control group) for a period of 15 days. Platelet adhesion on fibrinogen-coated 96-well microtitre plates was evaluated in the resting condition and after stimulation with 2 microM ADP or 0.02 U/ml thrombin. Compared to the values before the experimental period, the fish oil group showed a significant reduction in stimulated adhesion (with ADP: from 18.8% to 15.6%, p<0.01; with thrombin: from 24.4% to 20.8%, p<0.005), whereas no difference was noted in the resting condition (from 3.6% to 3.5%, NS). In the soy lecithin group, platelet adhesion was increased in all test conditions (with ADP: from 18.7% to 23.2%, p<0.001; with thrombin: from 24.0% to 29.9% p<0.001; resting: from 3.5% to 6.6%, p<0.001). No significant changes were observed in the control group. A good correlation was found between platelet adhesion data and the changes in the platelet fatty acid omega-6/omega-3 ratio caused by the different supplementations. Our results indicate an inhibitory effect of fish oil rich in omega-3 fatty acids on stimulated human platelet adhesiveness and a stimulatory effect of soy lecithin rich in omega-6 fatty acids on resting and stimulated adhesion. They suggest moreover that the omega-6/omega-3 ratio is a determinant of platelet adhesion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center