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J Immunol Methods. 1999 Nov 19;230(1-2):29-35.

Detection of IgM to hepatitis B core antigen in a reductant containing, chemiluminescence assay.

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Abbott Diagnostics Division, Building AP1A, D-93E, Abbott Laboratories, 100 Abbott Park Road, Abbott Park, IL 60064, USA.


The Abbott PRISM(R) hepatitis B core (HBc) antigen assay is an automatic in vitro competitive chemiluminescence immunoassay for the detection of total antibody to HBc (anti-HBc) antigen in human serum or plasma. The assay utilizes cysteine solution as a reducing reagent in order to maximize specificity. To help understand the effect of cysteine on detection of anti-HBc antigen, we separated and purified anti-HBc IgM and IgG from human plasma using size exclusion, protein A/G, and affinity chromatography techniques. We showed that cysteine affected the reactivity of anti-HBc IgM with recombinant HBc (rHBc) antigen but not the reactivity of anti-HBc IgG. Anti-HBc IgM treated with cysteine yielded byproducts which were reactive in the PRISM HBcore assay. Reduction-sensitive factor (RSF) - IgM fraction from serum known to be non-specific for anti-HBc activity, similarly treated with cysteine, was no longer reactive in the PRISM HBcore assay. We showed that cysteine treatment is effective against non-specific IgM in human blood. Also, the inclusion of cysteine in the PRISM HBcore assay does not compromise the detection of HBc specific antibodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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