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J Biol Chem. 1999 Dec 17;274(51):36369-72.

The N-terminal domain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exoenzyme S is a GTPase-activating protein for Rho GTPases.

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Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany.


Pseudomonas aeruginosa exoenzyme S (ExoS) is a bifunctional cytotoxin. The ADP-ribosyltransferase domain is located within the C terminus part of ExoS. Recent studies showed that the N terminus part of ExoS (amino acid residues 1-234, ExoS(1-234)), which does not possess ADP-ribosyltransferase activity, stimulates cell rounding when transfected or microinjected into eukaryotic cells. Here we studied the effects of ExoS(1-234) on nucleotide binding and hydrolysis by Rho GTPases. ExoS(1-234) (100-500 nM) did not influence nucleotide exchange of Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 but increased GTP hydrolysis. A similar increase in GTPase activity was stimulated by full-length ExoS. Half-maximal stimulation of GTP hydrolysis by Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 was observed at 10-11 nM ExoS(1-234), respectively. We identified arginine 146 of ExoS to be essential for the stimulation of GTPase activity of Rho proteins. These data identify ExoS as a GTPase-activating protein for Rho GTPases.

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