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FASEB J. 1999 Dec;13(15):2329-37.

Overexpression of core 2 N-acetylglycosaminyltransferase enhances cytokine actions and induces hypertrophic myocardium in transgenic mice.

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1
Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.

Abstract

Elevated levels of glycocojugates, commonly observed in the myocardium of diabetic animals and patients, are postulated to contribute to the myocardial dysfunction in diabetes. Previously, we reported that UDP-GlcNAc: Galbeta1-3GalNAcalphaRbeta1-6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferas e (core 2 GlcNAc-T), a developmentally regulated enzyme of O-linked glycans biosynthesis pathway, is specifically increased in the heart of diabetic animals and is regulated by hyperglycemia and insulin. In this study, transgenic mice overexpressing core 2 GlcNAc-T with severe increase in cardiac core 2 GlcNAc-T activities were normal at birth but showed progressive and significant cardiac hypertrophy at 6 months of age. The heart of transgenic mice showed elevation of sialylated O-glycan and increases of c-fos gene expression and AP-1 activity, which are characteristics of cardiac stress. Furthermore, transfection of PC12 cells with core 2 GlcNAc-T also induced c-fos promoter activation, mitogen activated-protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation, Trk receptor glycosylation, and cell differentiation. These results suggested a novel role for core 2 GlcNAc-T in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy and modulation of the MAP kinase pathway in the heart.-Koya, D., Dennis, J. W., Warren, C. E., Takahara, N., Schoen, F. J., Nishio, Y., Nakajima, T., Lipes, M. A., King, G. L. Overexpression of core 2 N-acetylglycosaminyltransferase enhances cytokine actions and induces hypertrophic myocardium in transgenic mice.

PMID:
10593880
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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