Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1999 Nov;43(10):979-88.

The effects of two rewarming strategies on heat balance and metabolism after coronary artery bypass surgery with moderate hypothermia.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Oulu University Hospital, Finland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Postoperative hypothermia is common in cardiac surgery with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This trial was designed to evaluate whether rewarming over the normal bladder temperature (over 37 degrees C) at the end of hypothermic CPB combined with passive heating methods after CPB might result in a better heat balance, lower energy expenditure (EE) and decrease of disturbances in oxygen balance compared to only rewarming the patients to a bladder temperature of 35-37 degrees C.

METHODS:

A prospective, randomized controlled clinical study was performed in 38 patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass surgery. Twenty patients (group C) were rewarmed to a bladder temperature of 35-37 degrees C at the end of hypothermic (28 degrees C) CPB. Eighteen patients (group W) were rewarmed to a bladder temperature of 37-38.5 degrees C.

RESULTS:

At the end of CPB, the bladder temperature was 36.2+/-0.7 degrees C (mean+/-SD) in group C and 37.9+/-0.5 degrees C in group W. After half an hour's stay in the ICU, the mean body temperature (MBT) was 35.1+/-0.6 degrees C in group C and 36.6+/-0.7 degrees C in group W. During the following five hours, MBT increased to 37.4+/-0.8 degrees C in group C and to 38.0+/-0.6 degrees C in the other group. The peak value of EE in the ICU was 1.73+/-0.44 (group C) vs 1.35+/-0.29 (W/kg) (group W) (P=0.003). EE was significantly (P=0.044) higher in group C than in the other group between 1.5 and 5.5 h in the ICU. The increased energy expenditure due to heat production was associated with an increase in O2 consumption (VO2) 61.6+/-30.4% vs 25.2+/-24.1%, (peak values) compared to the basal values of the two groups measured before anesthesia (between groups P<0.001). Between 1.5 and 5.5 h in the ICU, group C had significantly higher VO2 (P=0.026), CO2 production (P=0.017), venous pCO2 (P<0.001) and minute ventilation (p=0.014) than group W. Venous pH was lower (P<0.001) in group C. The peak value of oxygen extraction was also higher (P=0.045) in group C. On the other hand, the lowest value of venous oxygen saturation was higher (P=0.04) in group W.

CONCLUSION:

With rewarming the patients at the end of CPB to a bladder temperature of over 37 degrees C combined with passive heating methods after CPB, it was possible to decrease EE and VO2 compared to the control group (rewarmed to bladder temperature of 35-37 degrees C) after coronary artery bypass surgery with moderate hypothermia.

PMID:
10593459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center