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Use of bacterially expressed GST/EBNA-1 fusion proteins for detection of antibodies in sera from patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and healthy donors.

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Graduate Institute of Microbiology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) is a protein expressed consistently in EBV infected cells and in EBV related malignant tissues. Antibodies against EBNA-1 may therefore possibly be used as a marker for disease screening. Western blot analysis of serum antibodies was performed using GST (glutathione-S-transferase) fusion proteins containing different regions of EBNA-1 as antigens. Serum samples were collected from 38 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and 38 healthy individuals in Taiwan. All samples were found IgG positive for EBNA-1 when a truncated protein GST/E1 (70-102, 325-641) was used as the antigen. Thirty-three out of 38 NPC sera (86.8%) were positive for IgA antibody against EBNA-1. The positive rate was higher in comparison with IgA antibody against VCA (65.7%) or antibody against DNase (60.5%). Only 2.6% of sera from normal individuals were positive for an IgA response against EBNA-1. The major antigenic determinants for NPC serum IgA response were between amino acid(aa) 390 to aa 459 when different portions of EBNA-1 were used as antigens. The results suggest that IgA response against EBNA-1 could be used in combination with other EBV serology markers for NPC screening.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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