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Chromosoma. 1999 Nov;108(6):367-74.

CENP-A associated complex satellite DNA in the kinetochore of the Indian muntjac.

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Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


The centromere/kinetochore complex is a chromosomal assembly that mediates chromosome motility and mitotic regulation by interacting with microtubules of the mitotic spindle apparatus. Centromere protein A (CENP-A) is a histone H3 homolog that is concentrated in the chromatin of the inner kinetochore plate of human chromosomes. To identify DNA sequences associated with the inner kinetochore plate, we used anticentromere autoantibodies to immunoprecipitate CENP-A associated chromatin selectively from Indian muntjac fibroblasts. DNA was cloned from immunoprecipitated CENP-A- associated chromatin and characterized by DNA sequence and hybridization analyses. A novel centromeric satellite DNA sequence was identified and shown by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis to be present at all centromeres of the Indian muntjac. This satellite DNA constitutes a 972 bp monomer repeat and shows partial homology with satellite II DNA of the white-tailed deer. Southern blot analysis of muntjac genomic DNA suggests that this satellite DNA is present in repetitive tandem arrays and contains complex internal arrangements. In conjunction with previous work showing the association of CENP-A with human alpha-satellite DNA, we conclude that the mammalian inner kinetochore plate contains a unique form of chromatin that contains CENP-A in association with complex satellite DNA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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