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Reprod Fertil Dev. 1998;10(6):505-13.

Cytogenetic analysis of human preimplantation embryos following developmental arrest in vitro.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King's College Hospital, London, UK.


The relationship between chromosomal abnormalities in the human preimplantation embryo and developmental arrest in vitro was investigated. Cytogenetic analysis of 171 embryos that had arrested between the pronucleate and the 8-cell stages demonstrated that the overall incidence of chromosomal abnormality among these embryos was 63.4%. Of the embryos that arrested at the pronucleate stage (n = 48), 47.9% were chromosomally abnormal, compared with 59.5% of those that arrested between the 2- and 4-cell stages (n = 50), and 82.8% of those arrested between the 5- and 8-cell stage (n = 73). The rate of abnormality in embryos with poor morphology (irregular shaped blastomeres and considerable extracellular fragmentation) was significantly higher (86.8%; n = 33) than those with good morphology (60%; n = 51; P<0.005). These results suggest that there is an association between chromosomal abnormality, developmental arrest in vitro, and poor morphology.

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