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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1999 Sep;45(2-3):161-8.

Oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA and its relationship to diabetic complications.

Author information

1
The Third Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. ssuzuki@int3.med.tohoku.ac.jp

Abstract

Increased oxidative stress induced by hyperglycemia may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Oxidative stress is known to increase the conversion of deoxyguanosine (dG) to 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in DNA, which is linked to increased mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions. We investigated mtDNA deletions and 8-OHdG in the muscle DNA of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients. mtDNA deletion of 4977 bp (delta mtDNA4977) and the content of 8-OHdG in the muscle DNA of the NIDDM patients were much higher than those of the control subjects. There was a significant correlation between delta mtDNA4977 and the 8-OHdG content (P < 0.0001). Both delta mtDNA4977 and the 8-OHdG content were also correlated with the duration of diabetes. Delta mtDNA4977 and the 8-OHdG content in muscle DNA increased in proportion to the severity of diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy. This is the first report that an increase in delta mtDNA4977 and 8-OHdG is proportional to the severity of diabetic complications. Oxidative mtDNA damage is speculated to contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications though a defect in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation or other mechanisms. 8-OHdG and delta mtDNA4977 are useful markers to evaluate oxidative mtDNA damage in the diabetic patients.

PMID:
10588369
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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