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Microb Comp Genomics. 1999;4(3):187-201.

Computational analysis of the polymorphic membrane protein superfamily of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae.

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1
Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Abstract

Whole sequence genome analysis is invaluable in providing complete profiles of related proteins and gene families. The genome sequences of the obligate intracellular bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae both encode proteins with similarity to several 90-kDa Chlamydia psittaci proteins. These proteins are members of a large superfamily, C. trachomatis with 9 members and C. pneumoniae with 21 members. All polymorphic membrane protein (Pmp) are heterogeneous, both in amino acid sequence and in predicted size. Most proteins have apparent signal peptide leader sequences and hence are predicted to be localized to the outer membrane. The unifying features of all proteins are the conserved amino acid motifs GGAI and FXXN repeated in the N-terminal half of each protein. In both genomes, the pmp genes are clustered at various locations on the chromosome. Phylogenetic analysis suggests six related families, each with at least one C. trachomatis and one C. pneumoniae orthologue. One of these families has seen prolific expansion in C. pneumoniae, resulting in 13 protein paralogues. The maintenance of orthologues from each species suggests specific functions for the proteins in chlamydial biology.

PMID:
10587946
DOI:
10.1089/omi.1.1999.4.187
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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