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J Pediatr. 1999 Dec;135(6):714-9.

Diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis in the neonatal period: A multicenter evaluation.

Author information

1
Departments of Microbiology and Obstetrics, Academisch Ziekenhuis, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate different laboratory tests used to diagnose congenital toxoplasmosis in the neonatal period.

STUDY DESIGN:

A retrospective multicenter study of 294 pregnant women who experienced seroconversion for Toxoplasma gondii and subsequently delivered live-born infants. Fetal infection was assessed via specific IgM and IgA antibodies (cord and neonatal blood) and detection of T gondii in placenta and cord blood by mouse inoculation.

RESULTS:

Ninety-three (32%) of the 294 infants were congenitally infected. The sensitivity of IgA in cord blood and in neonatal blood was 64% and 66%; the sensitivity of IgM was 41% and 42%, respectively. Mouse inoculation of the placenta and cord blood had sensitivities of 45% and 16%. Positive results of the serologic tests in congenitally infected children correlated significantly with the gestational age at the time of maternal infection but was not significantly influenced by the administration of specific antiparasitic treatment during pregnancy.

CONCLUSION:

Specific T gondii IgA antibody is a more sensitive test than IgM for detecting congenital toxoplasmosis in the neonatal period. The overall specificity is better for serologic tests performed on neonatal blood than for those on cord blood. Neonatal screening with IgM or IgA antibodies will not detect the majority of children with congenital toxoplasmosis when the maternal infection occurred before the 20th week of pregnancy.

PMID:
10586174
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3476(99)70090-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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