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Biophys J. 1999 Dec;77(6):3371-83.

A direct comparison of selectin-mediated transient, adhesive events using high temporal resolution.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia School of Medicine and School of Engineering and Applied Science, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.


Leukocyte capture and rolling on the vascular endothelium is mediated principally by the selectin family of cell adhesion receptors. In a parallel plate flow chamber, neutrophil rolling on purified selectins or a selectin-ligand substrate was resolved by high speed videomicroscopy as a series of ratchet-like steps with a characteristic time constant (Kaplanski, G., C. Farnarier, O. Tissot, A. Pierres, A.-M. Benoliel, M. C. Alessi, S. Kaplanski, and P. Bongrand. 1993. Biophys. J. 64:1922-1933; Alon, R., D. A. Hammer, and T. A. Springer. 1995. Nature (Lond.). 374:539-542). Under shear, neutrophil arrests due to bond formation events were as brief as 4 ms. Pause time distributions for neutrophils tethering on P-, E-, L-selectin, or peripheral node addressin (PNAd) were compared at estimated single bond forces ranging from 37 to 250 pN. Distributions of selectin mediated pause times were fit to a first order exponential, resulting in a molecular dissociation constant (k(off)) for the respective selectin as a function of force. At estimated single bond forces of 125 pN and below, all three selectin dissociation constants fit the Bell and Hookean spring models of force-driven bond breakage equivalently. Unstressed k(off) values based on the Bell model were 2.4, 2.6, 2.8, 3.8 s(-1) for P-selectin, E-selectin, L-selectin, and PNAd, respectively. Bond separation distances (reactive compliance) were 0.39, 0.18, 1.11, 0.59 A for P-selectin, E-selectin, L-selectin, and PNAd, respectively. Dissociation constants for L-selectin and P-selectin at single bond forces above 125 pN were considerably lower than either Bell or Hookean spring model predictions, suggesting the existence of two regimes of reactive compliance. Additionally, interactions between L-selectin and its leukocyte ligand(s) were more labile in the presence of flow than the L-selectin endothelial ligand, PNAd, suggesting that L-selectin ligands may have different molecular and mechanical properties. Both types of L-selectin bonds had a higher reactive compliance than P-selectin or E-selectin bonds.

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