Send to

Choose Destination
Biophys J. 1999 Dec;77(6):2999-3009.

Effects of channel cytoplasmic regions on the activation mechanisms of cardiac versus skeletal muscle Na(+) channels.

Author information

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33612 USA.


Functional comparison of skeletal muscle (rSkM1) and cardiac (hH1) voltage-gated sodium channel isoforms expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells showed rSkM1 half-activation (V(a)) and inactivation (V(i)) voltages 7 and 10 mV more depolarized than hH1 V(a) and V(i), respectively. Internal papain perfusion removed fast inactivation from each isoform and caused a 20-mV hyperpolarizing shift in hH1 V(a), with an insignificant change in rSkM1 V(a). Activation voltage of the inactivation-deficient hH1 mutant, hH1Q3, was nearly identical to wild-type hH1 V(a), both before and after papain treatment, with hH1Q3 V(a) also shifted by nearly 20 mV after internal papain perfusion. These data indicate that while papain removes both hH1 and rSkM1 inactivation, it has a second effect only on hH1 that causes a shift in activation voltage. Internal treatment with an antibody directed against the III-IV linker essentially mimicked papain treatment by removing some inactivation from each isoform and causing a 12-mV shift in hH1 V(a), while rSkM1 V(a) remained constant. This suggests that some channel segment within, near, or interacting with the III-IV linker is involved in establishing hH1 activation voltage. Together the data show that rSkM1 and hH1 activation mechanisms are different and are the first to suggest a role for a cytoplasmic structure in the voltage-dependent activation of cardiac sodium channels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center