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J Biol Chem. 1999 Dec 10;274(50):35297-300.

COP9 signalosome-directed c-Jun activation/stabilization is independent of JNK.

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  • 1Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Abteilung Molekulare Biologie, Humboldt University, 10117 Berlin, Germany.


The basic region-leucine zipper transcription factor c-Jun regulates gene expression and cell function. It participates in the formation of homo- or heterodimeric complexes that specifically bind to DNA sequences called activating protein 1 (AP-1) sites. The stability and activity of c-Jun is regulated by phosphorylation within the N-terminal activation domain. Mitogen- and stress-activated c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) were previously the only described enzymes phosphorylating c-Jun at the N terminus in vivo. In this report we demonstrate a JNK-independent activation of c-Jun in vivo directed by the constitutive photomorphogenesis (COP9) signalosome. The overexpression of signalosome subunit 2 (Sgn2), a subunit of the COP9 signalosome, leads to de novo assembly of the complex with a partial incorporation of the overexpressed subunit. The de novo formation of COP9 signalosome parallels an increase of c-Jun protein resulting in elevated AP-1 transcriptional activity. The c-Jun activation caused by Sgn2 overexpression is independent of JNK and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4. The data demonstrate the existence of a novel COP9 signalosome-directed c-Jun activation pathway.

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