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Exp Cell Res. 1999 Dec 15;253(2):432-9.

Accumulation of mutant p53(V143A) modulates the growth, clonogenicity, and radiochemosensitivity of malignant glioma cells independent of endogenous p53 status.

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Department of Neurology, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, 72076, Germany.


Alterations of the p53 gene have been attributed a major role in the development and resistance to therapy of several human cancers. Accumulation of p53 in tumor cells may result from mutations associated with prolonged half-life or from stabilization of wild-type p53 by different mechanisms. To address the role of p53 accumulation in the response of malignant glioma cells to radiochemotherapy, we expressed the p53 mutant p53(V143A) in five human malignant glioma cell lines with different genetic and functional p53 status. Accumulation of p53(V143A) modulated proliferation in three and clonogenicity in four of five cell lines without a clear pattern with regard to their endogenous p53 status. p53(V143A) inhibited the camptothecin-induced accumulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) in cell lines with p53 functional wild-type activity, but not in cell lines lacking p53 activity, consistent with a transdominant-negative effect of p53(V143A). Irradiation induced a moderate G2/M arrest in all cell lines, irrespective of the p53 status, that was unaffected by p53(V143A). Radiosensitivity as well as sensitivity to BCNU, teniposide (VM26), topotecan, vincristine, Taxol, and cisplatin both in cytotoxic cell death and in clonogenic cell death was unchanged in p53(V143A)-transfected cells with few exceptions. These data do not support the hypothesis that accumulation of mutant p53 is a major determinant of the response to adjuvant radiochemotherapy in human malignant glioma cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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