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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1999 Dec;123(12):1154-60.

Optimization of an automated DNA purification protocol for neonatal screening.

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Gentra Systems, Inc, Minneapolis, MN 55441, USA.



Collection of blood from newborns is a standard clinical procedure used for genetic screening. Typically, blood from a heel prick is absorbed onto standard collection paper and dried before analysis of metabolites, proteins, hormones, and more recently DNA.


To evaluate strategies to purify DNA for use with automated workstations.


Two factors were used to evaluate several DNA purification protocols: residual heme contamination and amplification yield. The protocol that produced DNA with the lowest heme content and the highest amplification yield was selected. In combination with those two performance factors, the protocol with the fewest number of steps was chosen to reduce reagent use and processing time.


Industrial research and development laboratory.


Robust amplification of DNA isolated from dried blood spots was demonstrated using both fluorescence and agarose gel-based detection methods. In addition, the samples had consistent DNA volumes and had no detectable cross-contamination. Suggested instrument settings, equipment, and supplies were included for automated processing of DNA from dried blood spots.


A 4-step DNA processing protocol was developed for dried blood spots. The protocol could be performed in either a manual or automated format, making it possible to process hundreds of samples in 1 day.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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