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Immunology. 1999 Nov;98(3):371-8.

Regulation of murine dendritic cell functions in vitro by taurine chloramine, a major product of the neutrophil myeloperoxidase-halide system.

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Department of Immunology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.


Taurine chloramine (TauCl) is a major chloramine generated in activated neutrophils as a result of the reaction of highly toxic hypochlorous acid and taurine, the most abundant free amino acid in cytosol. In this study we have tested the influence of TauCl on the properties of murine dendritic cells (DC), the major cell population involved in the initiation of an adaptive immune response against pathogenic organisms. N418+, MHC II+, B7-2+ dendritic cells, generated from the mouse bone marrow cells cultured in the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, were stimulated by interferon-gamma and lipopolysaccharide to produce nitric oxide, reactive oxygen species, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-alpha, and IL-12, in the presence of different doses of TauCl. TauCl differently inhibited the generation of these inflammatory mediators in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, TauCl selectively modulated the ability of DC to induce the release IL-2 and IL-10 from T cells. These results suggest that neutrophil-derived mediators, such as TauCl, at a site of inflammation, may affect the functions of sentinel DC and macrophages, and play a role in maintaining the balance between the inflammatory response and the induction of an antigen-specific immune response.

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