Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurochem. 1999 Dec;73(6):2424-33.

Botulinum neurotoxin E-insensitive mutants of SNAP-25 fail to bind VAMP but support exocytosis.

Author information

Centro CNR Biomembrane and Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy.


Neurotransmitter release from synaptic vesicles is mediated by complex machinery, which includes the v- and t-SNAP receptors (SNAREs), vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP), synaptotagmin, syntaxin, and synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25). They are essential for neurotransmitter exocytosis because they are the proteolytic substrates of the clostridial neurotoxins tetanus neurotoxin and botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), which cause tetanus and botulism, respectively. Specifically, SNAP-25 is cleaved by both BoNT/A and E at separate sites within the COOH-terminus. We now demonstrate, using toxin-insensitive mutants of SNAP-25, that these two toxins differ in their specificity for the cleavage site. Following modification within the COOH-terminus, the mutants completely resistant to BoNT/E do not bind VAMP but were still able to form a sodium dodecyl sulfate-resistant complex with VAMP and syntaxin. Furthermore, these mutants retain function in vivo, conferring BoNT/E-resistant exocytosis to transfected PC12 cells. These data provide information on structural requirements within the C-terminal domain of SNAP-25 for its function in exocytosis and raise doubts about the significance of in vitro binary interactions for the in vivo functions of synaptic protein complexes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center