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FEBS Lett. 1999 Nov 26;462(1-2):140-4.

Human immunodeficiency virus-1-tat induces matrix metalloproteinase-9 in monocytes through protein tyrosine phosphatase-mediated activation of nuclear transcription factor NF-kappaB.

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Cytokine Research Section, Department of Molecular Oncology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe St. Box 143, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


We have previously shown that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-tat induces the production of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in human monocytes by a mechanism that is not understood. In the present report, we demonstrate that HIV-tat-induced expression of MMP-9 is blocked by inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases). PTPase inhibitors also blocked HIV-tat-induced nuclear transcription factor NF-kappaB activation and IkappaBalpha degradation required for MMP-9 induction. These results suggest that HIV-tat induces MMP-9 in human monocytes through activation of PTPase and NF-kappaB.

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