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J Med Chem. 1999 Nov 18;42(23):4794-803.

Design and synthesis of novel alpha(1)(a) adrenoceptor-selective antagonists. 3. Approaches to eliminate opioid agonist metabolites by using substituted phenylpiperazine side chains.

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Departments of Chemistry and Pharmacology, Synaptic Pharmaceutical Corporation, Paramus, NJ 07652, USA.


Dihydropyrimidinones, such as 1, represent a novel class of alpha(1a) adrenoceptor antagonists with potential for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (see part 1 of this series). Analysis of the metabolites of 1 revealed that 4-methoxycarbonyl-4-phenylpiperidine is formed as the major metabolite and is an agonist at the mu-opioid receptor. To circumvent any potential liability resulting from the metabolite, we decided to identify alternate templates devoid of agonist activity at the mu-opioid receptor to replace the 4-methoxycarbonyl-4-phenylpiperidine moiety. The present study describes the synthesis and SAR of dihydropyrimidinones linked to substituted 4-phenylpiperazine containing side chains. Compound (+)-38 was identified as a lead compound with a binding and functional profile comparable to that of 1. The putative metabolite 2-carboxamidophenylpiperazine has negligible affinity for the mu-opioid receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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