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Glycoconj J. 1999 Jun;16(6):283-90.

Screening neutral and acidic IgG N-glycans by high density electrophoresis.

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Academic Unit of Musculoskeletal Disease, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London.


IgG carries bi-antennary N-linked glycans which differ in degrees of galactosylation, core fucosylation and bisecting N-acetyl glucosamine. The majority of these are non-sialyated closely related neutral structures which can be resolved by HPLC analysis, but which are difficult to separate in techniques such as fluorophore-coupled carbohydrate electrophoresis. Derivatisation with the singly charged fluorophore, 2-amino benzoic acid and separation in gels with a 30% monomer content in tris/glycine buffer enabled separation of neutral glycans. In particular, agalactosyl glycans with either a core fucose substitution or bisecting N-acetyl galactosamine could be resolved. Good separation of mono- and di-galactosylated glycans was also achieved with this system. It was shown that IgG can be separated from serum by size-exclusion and anion exchange chromatography with minimal contamination, with complete glycan release accomplished by the enzyme peptide-N-glycosidase F (F. meningosepticum). This method of resolving IgG glycans could be used to monitor patients in which glycosylation changes may have a diagnostic value, as in rheumatoid arthritis. It could also be used to monitor recombinant IgG glycosylation where routine screening is required in the biotechnology industry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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