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Inflamm Bowel Dis. 1999 Nov;5(4):271-8.

A genome-wide search identifies potential new susceptibility loci for Crohn's disease.

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Parke-Davis Laboratory for Molecular Genetics (PDLMG), Alameda, California, USA.


Chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) presents as two major clinical forms, Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Genetic epidemiological studies and animal models suggest that inherited factors play significant roles in the susceptibility to both forms of IBD. From four genome-wide scans, putative susceptibility loci on chromosome 16 (IBD1 for CD), and on chromosomes 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 10, and 12 for IBD, have been identified. Several other groups, including ours, have confirmed linkage to the loci on chromosomes 12 and 16. The aim of this study is to identify other potential susceptibility loci for CD with a genome-wide search approach. In our sample of 222 individuals from 46 families (20 Jewish and 26 non-Jewish), with a total of 65 sibpairs diagnosed with CD, we observed a novel locus with suggestive linkage [multipoint logarithm of the odds score (Mlod) > 2] at chromosome 14q11.2 (Mlod = 2.8, p = 0.0002). In addition, suggestive linkage was observed in our Jewish families at chromosome 17q21-q23 (Mlod = 2.1, p = 0.01) and chromosome 5q33-q35 (Mlod = 2.2, p = 0.0003). The syntenic regions of the latter locus are mapped within two putative loci on mouse chromosomes 11 and 18, which were identified in a mouse IBD model induced by dextran sulfate sodium (29). Our preliminary results provide potential evidence for several susceptibility loci contributing to the risk of CD. The observation of man-mouse synteny may accelerate the identification of CD susceptibility gene(s) on human chromosome 5.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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