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Cell Calcium. 1999 Jun;25(6):439-52.

Age-related alterations in caffeine-sensitive calcium stores and mitochondrial buffering in rat basal forebrain.

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Department of Medical Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University Health Science Center, College Station 77843-1114, USA.


The properties of caffeine- and thapsigargin-sensitive endoplasmic reticulum calcium stores were compared in acutely dissociated basal forebrain neurons from young and aged F344 rats by ratiometric microfluorimetry. The ability of these stores to sequester and release calcium resembles that observed in other central neurons, with an important role of mitochondrial calcium buffering in regulating the response to caffeine. An age-related reduction in the filling state of the stores in resting cells appears to be mediated by increased rapid calcium buffering, which reduces the availability of calcium for uptake into the stores. An age-related decrease in the amplitude of maximal caffeine-induced calcium release was attributed to increased mitochondrial buffering. There were no age-related differences in the sensitivity to caffeine or in the calcium sequestration/release process at the level of the endoplasmic reticulum per se. These findings demonstrate the importance of interactions between cellular calcium buffering mechanisms and provide details regarding age-related changes in calcium homeostasis which have been thought to occur in these and other neurons associated with age-related neuronal dysfunctions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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