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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Nov 15;34(6):1704-10.

Cardiac troponin I levels and clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes: the potential role of early percutaneous revascularization.

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1
Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory and The Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To establish the role of early catheter-based coronary intervention among patients sustaining acute coronary syndromes (ACS) stratified according to admission plasma troponin I (Tn-I) levels.

BACKGROUND:

The impact of early revascularization strategy on the clinical outcomes in patients with ACS stratified by plasma Tn-I levels has not been established.

METHODS:

In-hospital complications and long-term outcomes were assessed in 1,321 consecutive patients with non-ST elevation ACS undergoing early (within 72 h) catheter-based coronary interventions. Patients were grouped according to admission Tn-I levels. Group I (n = 1,099) had no elevated plasma Tn-I (<0.15 ng/ml), Group II (n = 95) had Tn-I level between 0.15 to 0.45 ng/ml and Group III (n = 127) had Tn-I >0.45 ng/ml. In-hospital composite cardiac events (death, Q-wave MI, urgent in-hospital revascularization) and 8 months clinical outcomes (death, MI, repeat revascularization or any cardiac event) were compared between the three groups.

RESULTS:

The rate of in-hospital composite cardiac events was 6.1% among patients with Tn-I >0.45 ng/ml, 1.0% in patients with Tn-I between 0.15-0.45 ng/ml and 3.1% in patients without elevated admission Tn-I (p = 0.09 between groups). There was no difference in hospital mortality (p = 0.25). At eight months of follow-up, there was no difference in out-of-hospital death (3.5%, 3.8% and 1.8%, p = 0.17, respectively), MI (2.6%, 3.8% and 2.9%, p = 0.94) or target lesion revascularization (9.0%, 8.3% and 11.5%, p = 0.47), and cardiac event-free survival was also similar between groups (p = 0.66). By multivariate analysis, Tn-I >0.45 ng/ml was independently associated with in-hospital composite cardiac events [odds ratio (OR) = 2.4, p = 0.04] but not with out-of-hospital clinical events up to eight months.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with ACS, early (within 72 h) catheter-based coronary intervention may attenuate the adverse prognostic impact of admission Tn-I elevation during eight months of follow-up despite a trend towards increased in-hospital composite cardiac events.

PMID:
10577560
DOI:
10.1016/s0735-1097(99)00434-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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