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Ann Oncol. 1999 Sep;10(9):1079-86.

CHOP versus MACOP-B in aggressive lymphoma--a Nordic Lymphoma Group randomised trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of Oncology, Jubileum Institute, Lund University Hospital, Sweden. Mats.Jerkeman@onk.lu.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The long-term survival of patients with advanced stage aggressive lymphoma has not improved significantly during the last twenty years. In a randomised trial, the efficacy of MACOP-B, a six-drug weekly chemotherapy regimen, was compared to CHOP, the current standard regimen, in terms of overall and failure-free survival, toxicity and health related quality of life.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Four hundred five patients with aggressive lymphoma, stage II-IV, age 18-67, were randomised to receive either 12 weeks of MACOP-B or 8 courses of CHOP over 24 weeks. Special emphasis was put in the definition of Ann Arbor stage in extranodal disease. A subset of 95 patients also entered a quality of life study, based on the EORTC QLQ-C30.

RESULTS:

Thirty-one patients were ineligible. Among the remaining 374 patients, the median age was 52 years. According to the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index, 37% were 'high-intermediate' or 'high-risk' patients. No difference could be demonstrated, either in overall survival (60% at five years in the MACOP-B group and 59% in the CHOP group) or in failure-free survival (47% at five years with MACOP-B and 44% with CHOP). In terms of quality of life, physical function and global quality of life were more impaired in patients receiving MACOP-B, who also exhibited more non-haematological toxicity.

CONCLUSION:

No superiority of MACOP-B compared to CHOP could be demonstrated. CHOP remains the treatment of choice in low-risk patients. At present, intensified or experimental treatment should be reserved for high-risk disease.

PMID:
10572606
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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