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Ophthalmology. 1999 Nov;106(11):2173-7.

Efficacy of supplementary intracameral lidocaine in routine phacoemulsification under topical anesthesia.

Author information

1
Victoria Eye Hospital, Hereford, England. steve@scotcher.freeserve.co.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the routine use of supplementary intracameral lidocaine has any benefit over topical anesthesia alone when performing phacoemulsification surgery.

DESIGN:

A prospective single-center, randomized, double-masked, clinical trial.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 204 patients undergoing phacoemulsification surgery with lens implantation under planned topical anesthesia.

METHODS:

Patients were randomly allocated to receive either topical anesthesia plus 0.5 ml intracameral balanced salt solution or topical anesthesia plus 0.5 ml preservative-free 1% intracameral lidocaine.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

On the day after surgery, patients were asked to document the discomfort they had experienced using a visual analog scale. Intraoperative discomfort, postoperative discomfort, and discomfort caused by the microscope light were assessed.

RESULTS:

Multiple linear regression analysis did not show any significant relationship between the use of intracameral lidocaine and either intraoperative (P = 0.34) or postoperative (P = 0.45) pain scores. There was a small reduction in the discomfort caused by the operating microscope when intracameral lidocaine was used (P = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study, the routine use of intracameral lidocaine as a supplement to topical anesthesia was shown not to have a clinically useful role.

PMID:
10571355
DOI:
10.1016/S0161-6420(99)90501-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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