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Phytochemistry. 1999 Oct;52(4):583-92.

Light-induced betacyanin and flavonol accumulation in bladder cells of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum.

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Institut für Pflanzenbiochemie, Halle, Saale, Germany.


Treatment of the halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. (ice plant) (Aizoaceae) with high intensities of white light resulted in a rapid cell-specific accumulation of betacyanins and flavonoids with 6-methoxyisorhamnetin 3-O-¿[(2"'-E-feruloyl)-3"'-O-(beta-D- glucopyranosyl)](2"-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (mesembryanthin) as the predominant component, within bladder cells of the leaf epidermis. Induced accumulation of these metabolites was first detected 18 h after the initiation of light treatment in bladder cells located at the tip of young leaves followed by the bladder cells located on the epidermis of fully expanded leaves. UV-A light apparently is sufficient to induce accumulation of betacyanins and flavonoids. Application of 2-aminoindan 2-phosphonic acid, a specific inhibitor of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC, not only inhibited the accumulation of flavonoids but also reduced betacyanin formation. Based on these observations we suggest these bladder cells as a model system to study regulation of betacyanin and flavonoid biosyntheses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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