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J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1999 Fall;11(4):444-53.

Alteration of intention and self-initiated action associated with bilateral anterior cingulotomy.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA.

Abstract

Neuropsychological manifestations of bilateral anterior cingulate cortex lesions were studied in patients treated with cingulotomy for chronic intractable pain. Cingulotomy patients more than 1 year postsurgery were contrasted with nonsurgical chronic pain patients. Patients were assessed on a neuropsychological battery, including measures of response intention, initiation, generation, and persistence. Cingulotomy patients were intact across most cognitive domains, but they showed deficits of focused and sustained attention as well as mild executive dysfunction. Self-initiated responding--including spontaneous verbal utterances and unstructured design fluency--was most impaired. Results indicate that the greatest impact of cingulotomy lesions is on response intention and self-initiated behavior, with reduced behavioral spontaneity.

PMID:
10570756
DOI:
10.1176/jnp.11.4.444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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