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Nat Neurosci. 1999 Dec;2(12):1078-83.

Activity-dependent changes in partial VAMP complexes during neurotransmitter release.

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Physiology Department, MSB, Rm 3232, University of Toronto, 1 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A8, Canada.


The temporal sequence of SNARE protein interactions that cause exocytosis is unknown. Blockade of synaptic neurotransmitter release through cleavage of VAMP/synaptobrevin by tetanus toxin light chain (TeNT-LC) was accelerated by nerve stimulation. Botulinum/B neurotoxin light chain (BoNT/B-LC), which cleaves VAMP at the same site as TeNT-LC, did not require stimulation. Because TeNT-LC requires the N-terminal coil domain of VAMP for binding but BoNT/B-LC requires the C-terminal coil domain, it seems that, before nerve activity, the N-terminal domain is shielded in a protein complex, but the C-terminal domain is exposed. This N-terminal complex lasts until nerve activity occurs and may serve to cock synaptic vesicles for immediate exocytosis upon Ca2+ entry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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