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FEBS Lett. 1999 Nov 19;461(3):315-8.

Cysteine-scanning mutagenesis around transmembrane segment VI of Tn10-encoded metal-tetracycline/H(+) antiporter.

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Department of Cell Membrane Biology, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, 8-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan.


Each amino acid in putative transmembrane helix VI and its flanking regions, from Ser-156 to Thr-185, of a Cys-free mutant of the Tn10-encoded metal-tetracycline/H(+) antiporter (TetA(B)) was individually replaced by Cys. All of the cysteine-scanning mutants showed a normal level of tetracycline resistance except for the S156C mutant, which showed moderate resistance, indicating that there is no essential residue located in this region. All 20 mutants from S159C to W178C showed no reactivity with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), whereas the mutants of the flanking regions from S156C to H158C and F179C to T185C were highly or moderately reactive with NEM. These results indicate that like transmembrane helices III and IX, the transmembrane helix VI comprising residues Ser-159-Trp-178 is totally embedded in the hydrophobic environment.

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