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J Biol Chem. 1999 Nov 26;274(48):34433-7.

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1 is a substrate for caspase-3 and is cleaved during apoptosis in a caspase-3-dependent manner.

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Mikoshiba Calciosignal Net Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, 2-28-8 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0021, Japan.


The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor (IP(3)R), an IP(3)-gated Ca(2+) channel located on intracellular Ca(2+) stores, modulates intracellular Ca(2+) signaling. During apoptosis of the human T-cell line, Jurkat cells, as induced by staurosporine or Fas ligation, IP(3)R type 1 (IP(3)R1) was found to be cleaved. IP(3)R1 degradation during apoptosis was inhibited by pretreatment of Jurkat cells with the caspase-3 (-like protease) inhibitor, Ac-DEVD-CHO, and the caspases inhibitor, z-VAD-CH(2)DCB but not by the caspase-1 (-like protease) inhibitor, Ac-YVAD-CHO, suggesting that IP(3)R1 was cleaved by a caspase-3 (-like) protease. The recombinant caspase-3 cleaved IP(3)R1 in vitro to produce a fragmentation pattern consistent with that seen in Jurkat cells undergoing apoptosis. N-terminal amino acid sequencing revealed that the major cleavage site is (1888)DEVD*(1892)R (mouse IP(3)R1), which involves consensus sequence for caspase-3 cleavage (DEVD). To determine whether IP(3)R1 is cleaved by caspase-3 or is proteolyzed in its absence by other caspases, we examined the cleavage of IP(3)R1 during apoptosis in the MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell line, which has genetically lost caspase-3. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha- or staurosporine-induced apoptosis in caspase-3-deficient MCF-7 cells failed to demonstrate cleavage of IP(3)R1. In contrast, MCF-7/Casp-3 cells stably expressing caspase-3 showed IP(3)R1 degradation upon apoptotic stimuli. Therefore IP(3)R1 is a newly identified caspase-3 substrate, and caspase-3 is essential for the cleavage of IP(3)R1 during apoptosis. This cleavage resulted in a decrease in the channel activity as IP(3)R1 was digested, indicating that caspase-3 inactivates IP(3)R1 channel functions.

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