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Am J Physiol. 1999 Nov;277(5):E784-91. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1999.277.5.E784.

Neural contribution to the effect of glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide on arterial blood pressure in rats.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.


This study was designed to determine the contribution of the central nervous system (CNS) to the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide (tGLP-1) on arterial blood pressure and heart rate in rats. Accordingly, intracerebroventricular administration of the peptide produced an increase in cardiovascular parameters, which was blocked by previous administration of exendin-(9-39) through the same route, but not when it was intravenously injected. Intravenous administration of tGLP-1 produced a significant increase in arterial blood pressure and heart rate, which was blocked by the previous intracerebroventricular or intravenous administration of exendin-(9-39). Bilateral vagotomy blocked the stimulating effect of intracerebroventricular tGLP-1 administration on arterial blood pressure and heart rate. Also, bilateral vagotomy prevented the blocking effect of intracerebroventricular but not of intravenous exendin-(9-39) on cardiovascular parameters after intravenous administration of tGLP-1. These findings suggest that the action of tGLP-1 on cardiovascular parameters is under a dual control generated in the CNS and in peripheral structures and that the neural information emerging in the brain is transmitted to the periphery through the vagus nerve.

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