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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Sep;77(9):660-71.

Scinderin and cortical F-actin are components of the secretory machinery.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada.


Secretory vesicle exocytosis is the mechanism of release of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides. Secretory vesicles are localized in at least two morphologically and functionally distinct compartments: the reserve pool and the release-ready pool. Filamentous actin networks play an important role in this compartmentalization and in the trafficking of vesicles between these compartments. The cortical F-actin network constitutes a barrier (negative clamp) to the movement of secretory vesicles to release sites, and it must be locally disassembled to allow translocation of secretory vesicles in preparation for exocytosis. The disassembly of the cortical F-actin network is controlled by scinderin (a Ca(2+)-dependent F-actin severing protein) upon activation by Ca2+ entering the cells during stimulation. There are several factors that regulate scinderin activation (i.e., Ca2+ levels, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), etc.). The results suggest that scinderin and the cortical F-actin network are components of the secretory machinery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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