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Can J Anaesth. 1999 Nov;46(11):1043-7.

Oral clonidine reduces the requirement of prostaglandin E1 for induced hypotension.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the effects of preanesthetic oral clonidine on the dose of prostaglandin EI (PGEI) required to produce hypotension during anesthesia.

METHOD:

Oral placebo, 75 microg or 150 microg clonidine were administered 60 min prior to induction of anesthesia. Anesthesia was maintained with O2:N2O (30:70) and isoflurane 1.0%. After hemodynamic stabilization, an infusion of prostaglandin EI was started (0.05 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and the rate of infusion was adjusted to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP) between 60-70 mm Hg during operation.

RESULTS:

Duration of hypotension in placebo, 75 microg and 150 microg preanesthetic oral clonidine treated groups were 132+/-46, 117+/-37 and 129+/-56 min, respectively. The PGEI requirement in each group were 1563+/-180 (28.6+/-3.2), 594+/-197 (10.8+/-3.6) and 283+/-30 (5.5+/-3.6) microg (microg x kg(-1)), respectively. In addition, blood loss in each group were 1461+/-389, 805+/-240 and 931+/-40 ml, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Preanesthetic oral clonidine decreased the dose of PGEI required to produce hypotension, and decreased the blood loss during operation.

PMID:
10566924
DOI:
10.1007/bf03013199
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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