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Hum Immunol. 1999 Oct;60(10):970-3.

MICA gene polymorphism and the risk to develop cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is associated with human papillomaviruses (HPV) and the HLA genes. The MICA (MHC class I chain-related gene A) is expressed by keratinocytes and epithelial cells and interacts with gamma delta T cells. It is therefore possible that MICA might influence the pathogenesis of CIN and cervical cancer through presentation of viral or tumor antigens. To investigate this, we determined the MICA transmembrane allele frequencies in a prospective population-based cohort study from the Västerbotten County in northern Sweden. 74 women developed CIN. 153 control women who remained healthy during follow up were matched for age. Five polymorphic microsatellite alleles of MICA were identified by a polymerase chain reaction-based (PCR) technique using fluorescent-labeled primers. MICA A5 and A5.1 were the most common alleles in this population. None of the alleles of MICA were associated with disease. The frequency of MICA allele A5 was higher among HPV 18 seropositive than HPV 18 seronegative patients but this difference was not significant after the correction of p value. In conclusion, microsatellite allele polymorphism of MICA transmembrane part is not associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

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