Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Dec;291(3):999-1007.

Reduction of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(1A)-mediated temperature and neuroendocrine responses and 5-HT(1A) binding sites in 5-HT transporter knockout mice.

Author information

Laboratory of Clinical Science, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1264, USA.


The aim of the present study was to determine whether alterations in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(1A) receptors would be found in knockout mice lacking the serotonin transporter (5-HTT). Hypothermic and neuroendocrine responses to the 5-HT(1A) agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetraline (8-OH-DPAT) were used to examine the function of 5-HT(1A) receptors. Initial studies evaluated the dose-response and time course of 8-OH-DPAT-induced hypothermia and hormone secretion in normal CD-1 mice (the background strain of the 5-HTT knockout mice). 8-OH-DPAT dose-dependently produced hypothermic responses that peaked at 20 min postinjection. 8-OH-DPAT-induced hypothermia was blocked by the 5-HT(1A) antagonist WAY-100635. 8-OH-DPAT dose-dependently increased the concentrations of plasma oxytocin, corticotropin, and corticosterone. In the 5-HTT knockout (-/-) mice, the hypothermic response to 8-OH-DPAT (0.1 mg/kg s.c.) was completely abolished. Furthermore, 5-HTT-/- mice had significantly attenuated plasma oxytocin and corticosterone responses to 8-OH-DPAT. No significant changes in the hypothermic or hormonal responses to 8-OH-DPAT were observed in heterozygous (5-HTT+/-) mice. [(3)H]8-OH-DPAT- and [(125)I]MPPI [4-(2'-methoxyphenyl)-1-[2'-[N-(2"-pyridinyl)-iodobenzamido]ethyl] pip erazine]-binding sites in the hypothalamus and [(125)I]MPPI-binding sites in the dorsal raphe were significantly decreased in 5-HTT-/- mice. The results indicate that lack of the 5-HTT is associated with a functional desensitization of 5-HT(1A) receptor responses to 8-OH-DPAT, which may be a consequence, at least in part, of the decrease in density of 5-HT(1A) receptors in the hypothalamus and dorsal raphe of 5-HTT-/- mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication type, MeSH terms, Substances

Publication type

MeSH terms


PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center