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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Jan 3;1500(1):125-36.

Bacterial lipopolysaccharide induces cytoskeletal rearrangement in small intestinal lamina propria fibroblasts: actin assembly is essential for lipopolysaccharide signaling.

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National Center for Cell Science, Ganeshkind, Pune, India.


Cytoskeletal proteins are major components of the cell backbone and regulate cell shape and function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the dynamics and organization of the cytoskeletal proteins, actin, vimentin, tubulin and vinculin in human small intestinal lamina propria fibroblasts (HSILPF). A noticeable change in the actin architecture was observed after 30 min incubation with LPS with the formation of orthogonal fibers and further accumulation of actin filament at the cell periphery by 2 h. Reorganization of the vimentin network into vimentin bundling was conspicuous at 2 h. With further increase in the time period of LPS exposure, diffused staining of vimentin along with vimentin bundling was observed. Vinculin plaques distributed in the cell body and cell periphery in the control cells rearrange to cell periphery in LPS-treated cells by 30 min of LPS exposure. However, there was no change in the tubulin architecture in HSILPF in response to LPS. LPS increased the F-actin pool in HSILPF in a concentration-dependent manner with no difference in the level of G-actin. A time-dependent study depicted an increase in the G-actin pool at 10 and 20 min of LPS exposure followed by a decrease at further time intervals. The F-actin pool in LPS-treated cells was lower than the control levels at 10 and 20 min of LPS exposure followed by a sharp increase until 120 min and finally returning to the basal level at 140 and 160 min. Further (35)S-methionine incorporation studies suggested a new pool of actin synthesis, whereas the synthesis of other cytoskeletal filaments was not altered. Cytochalasin B, an actin-disrupting agent, severely affected the LPS induced increased percentage of 'S' phase cells and IL-6 synthesis in HSILPF. We conclude that dynamic and orchestrated organization of the cytoskeletal filaments and actin assembly in response to LPS may be a prime requirement for the LPS induced increase in percentage of 'S' phase cells and IL-6 synthesis.

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