Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Prev Med. 1999 Nov;29(5):374-82.

Cost-effectiveness comparison of five interventions to increase mammography screening.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine and Bowen Research Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA. rsaywell@iupui.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mammography is the primary method used for breast cancer screening. However, compliance with recommended screening practices is still below acceptable levels. This study examined the cost-effectiveness of five combinations of physician recommendation and telephone or in-person individualized counseling strategies for increasing compliance with mammography.

METHODS:

There were 808 participants who were randomly assigned to one of six groups. A logistic regression model with compliance as the dependent variable and group as the independent variable was used to test for significant differences and a ratio of cost to improvement in mammogram compliance evaluated the cost-effectiveness.

RESULTS:

Three of the interventions (in-person, telephone plus letter, and in-person plus letter) had significantly better compliance rates compared with the control, physician letter, or telephone alone. However, when considering costs, only one emerged as the superior strategy. The cost-effectiveness ratios for the five interventions show that telephone-plus-letter is the most cost-effective strategy, achieving a 35.6% mammography compliance at a marginal cost of $0.78 per 1% increase in women screened.

CONCLUSIONS:

A tailored phone prompt and physician reminder is an effective and economical intervention to increase mammography. Future research should confirm this finding and address its applicability to practice.

PMID:
10564629
DOI:
10.1006/pmed.1999.0568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center