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Mol Microbiol. 1999 Nov;34(3):498-503.

Subcellular localization of plasmids containing the oriC region of the Escherichia coli chromosome, with or without the sopABC partitioning system.

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'Unit Process and Combined Circuit' PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Kumamoto.


Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis has revealed the subcellular localization of specific chromosomal segments and plasmid molecules during the cell division cycle in Escherichia coli: the replication origin (oriC) segments on the chromosome are localized at nucleoid borders, and actively partitioning mini-F plasmid molecules are localized at the 1/4 and 3/4 positions of the cell. In contrast, mini-F plasmid molecules lacking the sopABC segment are randomly localized in cytoplasmic areas at cell poles. In this study, we analysed the subcellular localization of an oriC plasmid that contains the minimum E. coli chromosomal replication origin and its flanking regions. These oriC plasmid molecules were mainly localized in cytosolic areas at cell poles. On the other hand, oriC plasmid DNA molecules carrying the sopABC segment of F plasmid were localized at cell quarter sites, as were actively partitioning mini-F plasmid DNA molecules. Therefore, we conclude that oriC itself and its flanking regions are not sufficient for positioning the replication origin domain of the E. coli chromosome within the cell.

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