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J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Feb;47(2):510-7.

13C MAS NMR studies of the effects of hydration on the cell walls of potatoes and Chinese water chestnuts.

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1
Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, United Kingdom.

Abstract

13C NMR with magic angle spinning (MAS) has been employed to investigate the cell walls of potatoes and Chinese water chestnuts over a range of hydration levels. Both single-pulse excitation (SPEMAS) and cross-polarization (CPMAS) experiments were carried out. Hydration led to a substantial increase in signal intensities of galactan and galacturonan in the SPEMAS spectra and a decrease in line width, implying mobilization in the backbone and side chains of pectin. In CPMAS spectra of both samples, noncellulose components showed signal loss as hydration increased. However, the signals of some galacturonan in the 3(1) helix configuration remained in the spectra even when the water content was as high as 110%. Cellulose was unaffected. It is concluded that the pectic polysaccharides experience a distribution of molecular conformations and mobility, whereas cellulose remained as typical rigid solid.

PMID:
10563925
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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