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J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Jan;47(1):61-6.

Productivity and some properties of immunoglobulin specific against Streptococcus mutans serotype c in chicken egg yolk (IgY).

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Graduate Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan.


Hens were immunized on thighs by using whole cells of Streptococcus mutans MT8148 serotype c strain as antigen through intramuscular (im) and subcutaneous (sc) routes to investigate the difference of immunization reactions and the changes in yolk antibody activities against antigen after initial immunization. Several properties of crude IgY were examined to evaluate the stability during food processing. Results showed that the specificity of IgY of im treated hens was nearly 10 times as high as those of sc treated antibody. IgY from the hens immunized with the serotype c strain showed significant cross-reactions against serotypes e and f, while minor reactions against serotypes a, b, d, and g were observed. In thermal stability tests, IgY activity in both yolk and crude IgY decreased with the increasing temperature, from 70 to 80 degrees C, but the thermal denaturation rates between those two samples were not significantly different. The addition of high levels sucrose, maltose, glycerol, or 2% glycine displayed effective protection against thermal denaturation of IgY. Lyophilized yolk-5% gum arabic powder showed better stability against proteases.

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