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Addiction. 1999 May;94(5):685-95.

Cue exposure treatment for smoking relapse prevention: a controlled clinical trial.

Author information

1
Miriam Hospital, Center for Behavioral & Preventive Medicine, Providence, RI 02906, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

In an additive design, test the efficacy of cue exposure treatment for smoking relapse prevention as an adjunct to current standard cognitive behavioral and pharmacological treatments.

DESIGN:

Randomized, controlled clinical trial.

SETTING:

Outpatient behavioral medicine clinic.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred and twenty-nine cigarette smokers recruited through newspaper advertisements.

INTERVENTION:

After receiving an initial counseling session for cessation and setting a quit day, 129 smokers were randomly assigned to one of four relapse prevention treatment conditions: (1) brief cognitive behavioral; (2) cognitive behavioral and nicorette gum; (3) cognitive behavioral and cue exposure; and (4) cognitive behavioral and cue exposure with nicorette gum. All smokers met individually with their counselor for six RP sessions.

MEASURES:

Seven-day, point-prevalence abstinence rates (CO verified) taken at 1, 3, 6 and 12-months post-treatment and time to first slip.

FINDINGS:

All manipulation checks and process measures suggested that the treatments were delivered as intended. There were no significant differences between conditions in point-prevalence abstinence rates or in time to first slip.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results call into question the utility of cue exposure treatment for smoking relapse prevention.

PMID:
10563033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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